Champlain Exploring the Canadian Wilderness

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZ62-3019 Annotation: This print shows Samuel de Champlain and two companions looking at a river as Indians carry the canoes to the shore. Born in the small Atlantic port of Brouage around 1580 to a Protestant family (although he became a Catholic), Samuel de Champlain fought in Henri IV’s army…

Exercises of the Youths

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZ62-37992 Annotation: This engraving shows native youths shooting arrows, throwing balls at target placed atop tall pole, and running races. Year: 1591

Pocahontas (Reproduction of 1616 Original)

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-D416-18753 Annotation: This image is taken from a painting made of the Native American woman popularly known as Pocahontas, from a painting by William Sheppard. The portrait is dated 1616, coinciding with her only voyage to England in June of that year. The image is one of two strikingly similar…

The Dances at their Great Feasts

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZ62-37992 Annotation: This engraving shows native youths shooting arrows, throwing balls at target placed atop tall pole, and running races. Year: 1591

The First Americans

The Death of Columbus

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: lithograph Museum Number: 91721148 Year: 1893

Fold-Out Illustration From The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles…

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: rc 01002800 Annotation: This illustrated image, taken from Captain John Smith’s “The General History of Virginia, New England, and the Summer Isles” (published in England in 1624), depicts a American native ritual as described by Smith, imagined through the eyes of a European artist. Smith, whose voyages to the New…

Murder of David Van Der Leyen and Levina Ghyselins

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZ62-119890 Annotation: This engraving depicts the execution of David van der Leyen and Levina Ghyselins, described variously as Dutch Anabaptists or Mennonites, by Catholic authorities in Ghent in 1554. Strangled and burned, van der Leyen was finally dispatched with an iron fork. Bracht’s Martyr’s Mirror is considered by modern Mennonites…

Bartolomé de Las Casas (1474-1566) to Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (1500-1558)

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: letter-image Museum Number: Annotation: Manuscript letter, ca. 1528 Dominican Priest Bartolomé de Las Casas was a passionate champion of the rights of the indigenous people of the Americas. Las Casas sailed from Spain to Santo Domingo in 1502. There, he was given a royal land grant including labor of the Indian inhabitants…

The Meeting of Cortés and Montezuma

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: painting Museum Number: Annotation: Painted in the latter half of the seventeenth century in Mexico by unknown artists, the eight paintings in the Conquest of Mexico series depict the encounter of Spanish and Aztec cultures and the ultimate victory of the Spanish over the native peoples. All eight paintings will be on…

Colonial Era

Liberty (in the Form of the Goddess of Youth; Giving Support To the Bald Eagle)

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZ62-15369 Annotation: This image depicts an allegory of American liberty. Liberty is represented by a young woman in a windblown diaphanous dress and garlanded with flowers in the form of the goddess Hebe, who is offering a cup to a swooping eagle, symbol of the proud new nation, descending from…

The Eliakim Hayden Stone

Credit: Wesleyan University Press Media type: gravestone Museum Number: Annotation: Eliakam Hayden grave in Essex, CT, 1797 Year: 1797

U.S. Constitution

Media type: miscellaneous-image Annotation: The United States Constitution ratified September 17, 1787. Year: 1787

The Car of History

Credit: Architect of the Capitol Media type: statue Museum Number: Annotation: House of Representatives statue; Clio, the Muse of History, stands in a winged chariot representing the passage of time and records events as they occur. The car rests on a marble globe on which signs of the Zodiac are carved in relief. The chariot wheel is the…

Early National Period

Peaceable Kingdom

Credit: National Gallery of Art Media type: painting Museum Number: Year: 1834

Battle of Palo Alto- May 8Th, 1846, Between 2900 Americans, Under Genl. Taylor, and 6000 Mexicans, Commanded By Genl. Arista.

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZC4-6126 Annotation: The battle of Palo Alto, the first major engagement of the Mexican War, was fought north of Brownsville on May 8, 1846, between American forces under Gen. Zachary Taylor and Mexican troops commanded by Gen. Mariano Arista. Earlier, on April 23, Mexico had proclaimed a “defensive war” against…

The First Step from Godey’s Lady’s Book

Credit: Hope Greenberg, University of Vermont Media type: engraving Museum Number: Annotation: An engraving showing a child taking his/her first steps. Godey’s Lady’s Book enjoyed tremendous popularity in the 19th century as a monthly periodical intended primarily for women. Each issue featured articles on ladies fashion, images of engraved artwork, and poetry by prominent artists of the period….

Recreation

Credit: Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco Media type: painting Museum Number: Annotation: Thompson, Recreation Year: 1857

The Lackawanna Valley

Credit: National Gallery of Art Media type: painting Museum Number: Annotation: Innes, Lackawanna Valley Year: 1855

The Mother’s Grave

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: painting Museum Number: LC-USZC4-1842 Year: 1848

Pre-Civil War

The Negro Woman’s Appeal to Her White Sisters

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: broadside Museum Number: Portfolio 65, Folder 8 Annotation: Antislavery broadside created and published in London, 1850. With the increasing size of the abolotionist movement came the use of handbills and broadsides appealing directly to women of all races. Invoking powerful imagery, such as the supplicating figure shown in this broadside, were intended to…

Declaration of the Anti-Slavery Convention

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: broadside Museum Number: Portfolio 153, Folder 26 Annotation: Sixty abolitionist leaders from ten states met in Philadelphia in 1833 to create a national organization to bring about the immediate emancipation of all slaves. This organization was named the American Anti-slavery Society, and the participants elected officers and adopted a constitution and declaration. ,…

Plantation Economy in the Old South

Credit: The Warner Collection of Gulf States Paper Corporation, Tuscaloosa, Alabama Media type: painting Museum Number: Annotation: Plantation Life Year: 1876

Slavery in America

The Storming of Ft. Wagner

Credit: US National Park Service Media type: painting Museum Number: Annotation: Storming of Fort Wagner Year: 1890

Marine

Credit: Architect of the Capitol Media type: fresco Museum Number: Annotation: Capitol fresco Year: 1865

Julia Ward Howe

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: photograph Museum Number: LC-USZ62-53518 DLC Annotation: Julia Ward Howe is the author of “The Battle Hymn of the Republic.” She was also a well-known abolitionist and social activist. Year: 1908

Group of Contrabands

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: photograph Museum Number: LC-B8171-0383 Year: 1862