American Civil War
Biographies

UNION, CONFEDERATE, PRESIDENTS, TO MAJOR PERSONALITIES
OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR

Thomas Lafayette Rosser “Tex”

(October 15, 1836 – March 29, 1910) was a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and later an officer in the Spanish American War…

Sergeant Berry Greenwood Benson

Berry Benson was born on February 9th, 1843 in Hamburg, South Carolina, just across the Savannah River from Augusta, Georgia. In 1860 Berry Benson enlisted…

Abraham Lincoln

Overview Born near Hodgenville, Ky. on February 12, 1809, Lincoln was the central figure of the Civil War, and is regarded by many historians and…

Robert Edward Lee

Overview The idol of the South to this day, Virginian Robert E. Lee had some difficulty in adjusting to the new form of warfare that…

Philip Kearny

Overview Kearny was born in New York, 2 June 2, 1815 and after his mother died when he was 9, he spent his childhood and…

Joseph Eggleston Johnston

Overview Petty considerations over rank and military etiquette and wounds cost the Confederacy, for lengthy periods, the services of one of its most effective, top…

Albert Sidney Johnston

Overview At the beginning of the Civil War it was almost universally agreed that the finest soldier, North or South, was Albert Sidney Johnston. But…

Stonewall Jackson

Overview Next to Robert E. Lee himself, Thomas J. Jackson is the most revered of all Confederate commanders. A graduate of West Point (1846), he…

Jedediah Hotchkiss

Overview A transplanted New Yorker, Jedediah Hotchkiss became the most famous of Confederate topographers. After a tour of Virginia in the late 1840s he settled…

Joseph Hooker

Overview One of the most immodest and immoral of the high Union commanders, “Fighting Joe” Hooker frequently felt slighted by his superiors and requested to…

Daniel Harvey Hill

Overview Criticism of his army commander, Braxton Bragg, to Jefferson Davis cost South Carolinian West Pointer (1842) Daniel H. Hill his corps command and his…

Ambrose Powell Hill

Overview Known for his red battle shirt and his hard-hitting attacks at the head of the famed Light Division, Ambrose P. Hill proved to be…

Henry Heth

Overview Graduating at the very bottom of his 1847 class at West Point, Henry Heth served 14 years on frontier duty before resigning his infantry…

Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Overview Born in Manheim, Pa. on Sept 30,1805, Heintzelman devoted over 4 decades to the service of his country, rising from 2d lieutenant to major…

William Joseph Hardee

Overview Problems with Braxton Bragg affected only slightly the outstanding record of the premier lieutenant general to serve in the Confederate Army of Tennessee. By…

Winfield Scott Hancock

Overview Born in Montgomery  Square, Pennsylvania, February 14, 1824, and although named for America’s top military hero of the day, Winfield Scott Hancock was not…

Henry Wager Halleck

Overview The Civil War career of the much-maligned Union commander in chief and chief of staff, Henry W. Halleck, was summarized by Secretary of the…

Rose O’Neal Greenhow

Overview Born in Port Tobbaco, Maryland, as a teenager O’Neal moved from her family’s Maryland farm to her aunt’s fashionable boardinghouse in Washington, D.C. Personable,…

John White Geary

Overview Born in Mount Pleasant, Pa., December 30, 1819, Geary was a man equally at home in politics and the military. He was a student…

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Overview The best evidence of the changes that had occurred in warfare from Jomini to Clausewitz can be found in the campaigns of Robert E….

John Brown Gordon

Overview Born in Upson City, Georgia, February 6, 1832 he attended the University of Georgia but dropped out to study law and become a member…

John Charles Fremont

Overview Born in Savannah, Georgia on January 21, 1813, Fremont was one four major generals appointed by President Lincoln, he was easily the most celebrated….

Nathan Bedford Forrest

Born: July 13, 1821, Bedford County, TN Died: October 29, 1877, Memphis, TN Buried: Health Sciences Park, Memphis, TN Battles and wars: American Civil War, Battle of Fort Donelson, MORE Children: William Montgomery Bedford…

Elon John Farnsworth

Born: July 30, 1837, Michigan Died: July 3, 1863, Gettysburg, PA Education: University of Michigan Years of service: 1861–1863 Battles and wars: Utah War, American Civil War, Battle of Chancellorsville, Battle of Gettysburg Overview Elon…

Richard Stoddert Ewell

Born: February 8, 1817, Georgetown, D.C. Died: January 25, 1872, Spring Hill, TN Education: United States Military Academy Battles and wars: Battle of Contreras, Battle of Churubusco, MORE Siblings: Benjamin Stoddert Ewell Place of…

Clement Anselm Evans

Born: February 25, 1833, Stewart County, GA Died: July 2, 1911, Atlanta, GA Education: Augusta Law School Battles and wars: American Civil War, Seven Days Battles, MORE Overview A Georgia lawyer and politician,…

Sarah Emma Edmonds

Born: December 1841, Magaguadavic, Canada Died: September 5, 1898, La Porte, TX Spouse: Linnus. H. Seelye (m. 1867–1898) Years of service: 1861–1865 Education: Oberlin College Overview Emma Edmonds was one of approximately…

Jubal Anderson Early

Born: November 3, 1816, Franklin County, VA Died: March 2, 1894, Lynchburg, VA Resting place: Lynchburg Battles and wars: Seminole Wars, Mexican–American War, MORE Siblings: Richard Early, Anne Letitia Early, Robert Hairston Early, MORE Overview Always an…

Dorothea Dix

Born: April 4, 1802, Hampden, ME Died: July 17, 1887, Trenton, NJ Buried: Mount Auburn Cemetery, MA Life A noted social reformer, Dix became the Union’s Superintendent of Female Nurses…

Jefferson Davis & Varina Howell Davis

Jefferson Davis Born: June 3, 1808, Kentucky Died: December 6, 1889, New Orleans, LA Buried: Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, VA President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis was born June…

George Armstrong Custer

Born: December 5, 1839, New Rumley, OH Died: June 25, 1876, Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument, MT Spouse: Elizabeth Bacon Custer (m. 1864–1876) Place of burial: West Point Cemetery, West Point,…

Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry

Born: June 5, 1825, Lincoln County, GA Died: February 12, 1903, Asheville, NC Education: University of Georgia, Harvard Law School Life Although he played an active role in the events of…

Philip St. George Cooke

Born: June 13, 1809, Leesburg, VA Died: March 20, 1895, Detroit, MI Place of burial: Elmwood Cemetery, Detroit, MI Battles and wars: Black Hawk War, Mexican–American War, MORE Children: Flora Cooke, John Rogers Cooke Life…

John Lincoln “Johnny” Clem

Born: August 13, 1851, Newark, OH Died: May 13, 1937, San Antonio, TX Years of service: 1863–1864, 1871–1915 Place of burial: Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA Awards: Civil War Campaign Medal, Indian Campaign…

Patrick Ronayne Cleburne

Born: March 1828, Killumney, Ireland Died: November 30, 1864, Franklin, TN Place of burial: Maple Hill Cemetery, Helena-West Helena, AR Unit: 41st (Welch) Regiment of Foot Years of service: 1846–1849; 1861–1864 Battles…

Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain

Born: September 8, 1828, Brewer, ME Died: February 24, 1914, Portland, ME Buried: Pine Grove Cemetery, Brunswick, ME Life A Bowdoin College professor, Joshua L. Chamberlain went to the Maine…

Benjamin Franklin Cheatham

Born: October 20, 1820, Nashville, TN Died: September 4, 1886, Nashville, TN Place of burial: Mount Olivet Funeral Home & Cemetery, Nashville, TN Battles and wars: Mexican–American War, American Civil War, MORE Life…

Ambrose Everett Burnside

Born: May 23, 1824, Liberty, IN Died: September 13, 1881, Bristol, RI Nickname: Burn Spouse: Mary Richmond Bishop (m. 1852–1876) Battles and wars: Mexican–American War, American Civil War, MORE Life If there is any…

Napoleon Bonaparte Buford

Born: January 13, 1807, Woodford County, KY Died: March 28, 1883, Chicago, IL Battles and wars: American Civil War Service/branch: United States Army (Union Army) Allegiance: United States (Union) Siblings: John Buford Education: United States Military…

John Buford

Born: March 4, 1826, Woodford County, KY Died: December 16, 1863, Washington, D.C. Place of burial: West Point Cemetery, West Point, NY Education: United States Military Academy Battles and wars: Utah War, American…

Don Carlos Buell

Born: March 23, 1818, Lowell, OH Died: November 19, 1898, Rockport, KY Nickname: The McClellan of the West Place of burial: Bellefontaine Cemetery, St. Louis, MO Battles and wars: Seminole Wars, Mexican–American War, MORE…

Daniel Butterfield

Born: October 31, 1831, Utica, NY Died: July 17, 1901, Cold Spring, NY Place of burial: West Point Cemetery, West Point, NY Parents: John Butterfield Education: Union College Overview Thoroughly hated by…

Simon Bolivar Buckner

Born: April 1, 1823, Kentucky Died: January 8, 1914, Hart County, KY Place of burial: Frankfort Cemetery, Frankfort, KY Education: United States Military Academy Children: Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr. Spouse: Delia Clairborne (m. 1885), Mary…

Hiram Berdan

Born: September 6, 1824, Phelps, NY Died: March 31, 1893, Washington, D.C. Other work: Inventor Place of burial: Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA Battles and wars: American Civil War Commands helds: 2nd United…

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Born: May 28, 1818, St. Bernard Parish, LA Died: February 20, 1893, New Orleans, LA Buried: Metairie Cemetery, New Orleans, LA Spouse: Marie Antoinette Laure Villeré (m. 1841–1850), Marguerite Caroline Deslonde (m. ?–1864)…

John Brown

Born: May 9, 1800, Torrington, CT Died: December 2, 1859, Charles Town, WV Buried: December 8, 1859, John Brown Farm State Historic Site, North Elba, NY Known for: Involvement in Bleeding Kansas; raid…

Braxton Bragg

Born: March 22, 1817, Warrenton, NC Died: September 27, 1876, Galveston, TX Spouse: Eliza Brooks Ellis (m. 1849–1876) Education: United States Military Academy Buried: Magnolia Cemetery, Mobile, AL Battles and wars: Second Seminole…

Judah P. Benjamin

Born: August 11, 1811, Christiansted, U.S. Virgin Islands Died: May 6, 1884, Paris, France Place of burial: Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris, France Overview US Senator, Confederate attorney general, secretary of…

Clara Harlowe Barton

Born: December 25, 1821, North Oxford, Oxford, MA Died: April 12, 1912, Glen Echo, MD Education: Clinton Liberal Institute Nicknames: Clara, The Angel of the Battlefield Life The youngest of 5…

Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Born: January 30, 1816, Waltham, MA Died: September 1, 1894, Waltham, MA Speaker: James G. Blaine Battles and wars: American Civil War Place of burial: Grove Hill Cemetery, Waltham, MA Education: Harvard College…

Joseph Bailey

Born: May 6, 1825, Morgan County, OH Died: March 21, 1867, Nevada, MO Education: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Battles and wars: American Civil War Commands helds: 4th Wisconsin Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, XIX…

Lewis Addison Armistead

Born: February 18, 1817, New Bern, NC Died: July 5, 1863, Gettysburg, PA Buried: Old Saint Pauls Cemetery, Baltimore, MD Battles and wars: Battle of Chapultepec, Mohave War, MORE Uncle: George Armistead Wife: Cornelia Taliaferro…

James Jay Archer

Born: December 19, 1817, Havre de Grace, MD Died: October 24, 1864, Richmond, VA Place of burial: Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, VA Education: Princeton University Units: Regiment of Voltigeurs and Foot Riflemen, 9th Infantry…

Robert Anderson

Born: June 14, 1805, Louisville, KY Died: October 26, 1871, Nice, France Battles/wars: Black Hawk War; Second Seminole War; Mexican–American War; Spouse: Eliza Bayard Clinch Place of burial: West Point Cemetery, West Point, NY…